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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2001 August;56(4):383-92


language: Italian

Role of the subfascial endoscopic perforating veins surgery in the treatment of venous ulceration: physiopathology and diagnosis

Procaccini E., Ruggiero R., Scuderi V., Veneruso G., Zenone P., Feliciello A.


Chronic venous insufficiency is a recurrent pathology, but affected patients often undergo clinical observation at a most severe and clearly symptomatic stage of the disease. In this late stage, therapy can only relieve symptoms of the disease which often lead to disability. In the clinical course of chronic venous insufficiency, phlebostatic ulceration constitutes a recurrent finding and it is responsible of compromising patients quality of life. The role of perforating veins, made refluxive by various pathogenic noxa, in the genesis of ulcerative lesions has been known since long time. For many years the interest in perforating veins surgery has been limited because of the several negative consequences of the operations. The possibility of modifying the hemodynamics of perforating veins compartment without causing post-operation complications by video-supported surgery, led to the debate on the role of these vessels in the chronic venous insufficiency. The phlebostasis non-invasive diagnosis uses imaging techniques consisting in tests which mostly are cheap, simple and easy to perform, thus representing the best early approach to the patient. It is widely thought that even though complex examinations are available, most precious information can be obtained by only two examinations: color-Doppler ultrasonography and, limitedly, plethysmography. By these diagnostic directions it is possible to better identify the site and the hemodynamic origin of the venous insufficiency.

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