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Minerva Chirurgica 2001 June;56(3):283-6

language: Italian

Use of monofilament prosthesis in inguinal hernia treatment: cost-benefit ratio

Di Mauro S., Salibra M., Belnome N. A., Barbera S., Turrisi M., Di Mauro F., Nucera M. L.


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Background. The authors aimed to demonstrate the real advantages in terms of cost and patient comfort of inguinal hernia surgery using monofilament prostheses.
Methods. A retrospective survey was carried out on two groups of patients: the first group, consisting of 1032 patients who underwent inguinal hernia surgery under general anesthetic between 1985 and 1995 at the Institute of General Surgery at the University Polyclinic of Messina, included cases of both emergency and elective surgery that did not use monofilament prosthesis. The second group, consisting of 348 patients operated under local anesthesia between 1996 and 1999 at the IV Division of General Surgery at the University Polyclinic of Messina, included cases of both emergency and elective surgery using tension-free techniques and polypropylene mesh. The numbers of recidivations and complications were compared, together with the relative costs of the methods used in both groups.
Conclusions. In the light of these experimental results, it is clear that the use of biocompatible alloplastic materials in monofilament considerably reduces the risks of recidivation, without no significant increase in the number of dehiscences, infections or postoperative complications. Moreover, there was a striking reduction in costs linked not only to the shorter hospitalisation of patients and the reduced use of painkillers, but also a fall in the number of future hospital admissions owing to recidivation.

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