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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2001 February;56(1):23-30

language: Italian

Duodeno-gastric reflux after laparotomic or laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Paolini A., Passaro U., Vasapollo L., Carnevale L., Corsini F., Marano S., Piraino A., Tosato F.


Background. The authors analyse gastroduodenal reflux (GDR) in the light of the progress made over the past ten years. The good results achieved using mini-invasive techniques in cholecystectomy prompted the authors to compare laparotomic and laparoscopic cholecystectomy in order to evaluate the influence of both techniques in determining GDR and clinical symptoms.
Methods. Symptoms were evaluated before and after surgery in 30 patients operated using a laparotomic technique and in 30 patients operated using a laparoscopic technique.
Two groups of 10 patients, operated respectively using laparotomic and laparoscopic techniques, were studied both clinically and endoscopically before and after surgery.
Results. The analysis of the results shows a lower incidence of GDR and typical symptoms of GDR in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. The rationale underlying the lower incidence of GDR and its symptoms in these patients compared to the more conventional group is not completely clear.
Conclusions. These results may be influenced by reduced surgical trauma and the careful selection of case or the laparoscopic technique, hence the exclusion of cases complicated by severe cholecystitis.

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