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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2000 October;55(10):709-12

language: English

Donor and recipient postoperative complications in living related kidney transplantation. A multicentric study

Palestini M., Randone B., Bianchi G., Ponzio F., Carmellini M., Citterio F., Bretto P., Boggi U., Castagneto M., Cavallaro A.


Background. Living related kidney transplantation is considered a gold standard of renal transplantation in order to overcome end-stage renal disease within the same family members.
Living donation, albeit decreasing cadaveric donor shortage, exposes donors to the risk of surgical complications.
Methods. In order to assess the postoperative complication rate in donors and recipients, we reviewed retrospectively 90 consecutive living related kidney transplants in a multicentric study. All nephrectomies were performed extraperitoneally through a left flank incision.
Results. Major perioperative complications (first 3 weeks after surgery) occurred in 12 subjects: these included bleeding (2.2%), symptomatic pneumothorax (1.1%), iliac thrombophlebitis (3.3%), iliac artery dissection (1.1%), laparotomic dehiscence (2.2%), perirenal hematoma (1.1%) , renal artery stenosis (1.1%), urinary fistula (1.1%). Minor perioperative complications took place in 8 cases. One recipient died. Donor postoperative major complications occurred in 2 subjects.
Conclusions. On the basis of these results we conclude that living related kidney transplantation is an important treatment of end stage renal disease, due to the associated low major complication rate and the high feasibility of this methodology.

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