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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2000 July-August;55(7-8):505-12

language: Italian

Surgical treatment of pancreatic carcinoma. Personal experience

Testi W., Coratti A., Tani F., Lorenzi M., Poggialini M., Genovese A., Spagnulo M., Terreni C., Picchianti D., Stefanoni M., Mancini S.


Background. Currently, pancreatic esocrine carcinoma presents high mortality, poor survival after curative surgery and poor resectability rates at the time of diagnosis. The factors which mostly influence prognosis and therapeutic management (curative surgery or palliative treatments) of the patient affected by pancreatic carcinoma, particularly the peroperative stage, are analyzed and discussed in this article.
Methods. From 1969 to 1997, 142 patients with pancreatic ductal carcinoma were admitted to our Department: at the time of diagnosis only 32 patients (22.5%) were considered resectable, and 30 pancreaticoduodenectomies (PD), 1 distal pancreatectomy (DP) and 1 total pancreatectomy (TP) were performed.
Results. Postoperative morbidity and mortality was 53.1% and 12.5% respectively; the survival at 1, 3 and 5 years was 45.5%, 36.4% and 17.6% respectively. The worst prognosis resulted in N+ and T4 patients, with a mean survival of 9 and 10 months.
Conclusions. On the basis of these results and of the literature, the indications for curative surgery, the operative strategy and the lymphoadenectomy extension are discussed: these problems are still open and not resolved definitively. The authors conclude by indicating the need for curative surgery for T1/2 N0 M0 tumors: for T3/4 and/or N+ tumors a careful evaluation of single case is necessary, because of high risk/benefit rate. Pancreatic resections (PD, DP) and standard lymphoadenectomy (D1) are performed by the authors, rather than total pancreatectomy and radical lymphoadenectomy (D2-3).

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