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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2000 June;55(6):447-50

language: Italian

Septic shock caused by perforated sigmoid diverticulitis into the space of Retzius. A case report

Cataldi M., Bianchi M.


An uncommon complication of the sigmoid diverticulitis personally observed is described. A woman, 59 years old, presented a septic shock caused by perforated sigmoid diverticulum into the space of Retzius. The diagnosis was carried out by an X-ray of the abdomen that suspected the presence of air in the retroperitoneum and then by barium enema showing a perforation of the sigmoid colon. During laparotomy a perforation of sigmoid diverticulum in to the space of Retzius was observed. So the space of Retzius was opened and then pus and watery exudate containing bubbles of gas were found extended also to the retroperitoneum and the right abdomen wall. The patient was submitted to a sigmoid resection; bowel continuity was restored by circular stapled anastomosis and a temporary colostomy was made. Some drainages were placed into the space of Retzius, into the retroperitoneum and into the peritoneal cavity. Nevertheless the patient died because of the septic shock and the postoperative MOF.

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