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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 2000 April;55(4):253-60

language: Italian

Hemorrhoid disease. Physiopathology, etiopathology and surgical approach

Faccini M., Caputo P., Lavezzoli A., Manelli A., Bonandrini L.


The authors report a number of cases of hemorrhoid disease and describe the therapeutic iter followed with particular reference to the surgical approach used. After a description of the physiopathological aspects linked to the disease, bearing in mind the use of electromanometry and electromyography in diagnosis, the authors underline the contemporary presence of varices in the lower limbs and hemorrhoid disease, as well as the frequent finding of hemorrhoids in a syndrome of portal hypertension. They then affirm how it is impossible to establish the causes of this pathology with any certainty and how a single standardised treatment plan is untenable. The authors then indicate the guidelines used to choose the most appropriate form of surgery rather than pharmacological treatment, based on the ideal cases and conditions for surgery. The ultimate goals of surgery are also outlined. The study compares four possible surgical techniques, providing synthetic information regarding their adaptability to the various cases treated and the characteristics of their use. This means that, once decided, surgery must successfully resolve the patient's problems. In conclusion, once hemorrhoid disease has been diagnosed, it is important to intervene with appropriate medical treatment to control the evolution of the pathology; if this is not sufficient, surgery becomes an inevitable choice.

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