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Minerva Chirurgica 1999 December;54(12):863-8

language: Italian

Role of ultrasonography in the control of patients receiving perioperative total parenteral nutrition

Gerbasi D., Santangelo M., Sommella L., Battaglia M., Triggiani D., Triggiani E.


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Background. On the basis of personal experience and literature, this study has been carried out in order to clarify the impact of ultrasonography on the diagnosis and prevention of hepatobiliary complications Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)-related.
Methods. Between April 1995-April 1997 in the Department of General Surgery-University of Catanzaro, 18 adult patients submitted to major thoracic or abdominal surgery, underwent to TPN for perioperative time (range: 9-55 days).
In these patients ultrasonography was performed at pre-established days in pre- and post-operative time in order to diagnose precociously the possibility of hepatobiliary complications. Results. Ultrasonography showed: 3 cases of hepatic steatosis, 5 cases of steatosis and gallbladder biliary sludge, 2 cases of gallbladder biliary sludge alone, 1 case of gallbladder biliary sludge with microlithiasis, 1 case of acute acalculous cholecystitis. The other 6 patients presented only little laboratory tests alterations, but normal ultrasonographic findings.
Conclusions. Therefore it is underlined the importance of systematic ultrasonographic follow-up of patients on TPN as a non invasive method in the early diagnosis of hepatobiliary complications TPN-related. The good compliance of the patients to this instrumental investigation and the not excessive increase of their management's costs are also underlined.

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