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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 1999 July-August;54(7-8):477-84


language: Italian

Transanal excision for rectal tubulo-villous adenoma. Personal experience

Blanco G. F., Giordano M., Torelli I., Di Bella F.


Background. Personal experience on transanal excision of rectal adenomas without affecting sphincteric function is reported.
Methods. From 1985 to 1997, 27 patients suffering from rectal adenomatous polypuses underwent surgery; the sites of lesions were within 3 to 10 cm from anal orifice in the whole series; the age of patients ranged from 30 to 81 years. Two different procedures were employed: the Parks' technique and the electroresection by traction flap technique according to Faivre.
Results. Any postsurgical complication such as hemorrhage, stenosis or incontinentia occurred; surgical mortality was absent. Histological examination disclosed severe dysplasia as well as in situ carcinoma in 6 patients (22.2%) and malignant polyps in 9 patients (33.3%). Only in a case a palliative excision was performed since the poor general conditions of this patient did not permit a more extended treatment; a local relapse of the tumour associated with liver metastases led the patient to death 22 months after surgery. Three patients were lost to follow-up and 2 patients died because of other causes, 6 and 8 years after surgical excision, respectively.
Conclusions. The conclusions are is drawn that either Park's and Faivre's procedures are useful and safe for the surgical treatment of rectal villous polyps extended up to 8-12 cm from anal orifice, in spite of the presence of malignant foci within their mass. These surgical procedures are simple and relatively poor traumatic; for this reason they are more suitable than other transabdominal or abdomino-perineal approaches for older patients and other at risk-patients. It is underlined that the treated patients require a long-term follow-up aimed at the early diagnosis of possible relapses of adenomatosis.

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