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Minerva Chirurgica 1999 May;54(5):325-30

language: Italian

Intrarterial chemotherapy in the treatment of hepatic metastases from colo-rectum cancer

Lupo F., Lisuzzo A., Cajozzo M., Vitale D., La Mendola G., Di Tora P., Bazan P.


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Aim. The authors evaluate the value of hepatic intrarterial chemotherapy (HAC) as an alternative treatment for hepatic metastases from colo-rectum cancer unsuited to radical surgery.
Methods. This study evaluates the physiopathological and pharmacodynamic bases for this type of treatment, the correct procedure for patient staging and selection, the surgical technique used to insert the infusional system, surgical complications and those linked to endoarterial treatment, the evaluation of response and the results. Complications correlated to the infusional system were evaluated in a total of 1223 patients in 10 non-randomised studies and 7 randomised studies taken from the literature. Complications correlated to chemotherapy were analysed in a total of 777 patients from 8 randomised studies and 7 randomised using FUDR. Special emphasis was placed on the possible association of locoregional and systemic treatment in order to prevent extrahepatic progression, the main cause of death in patients undergoing a single cycle of HAC.
Results. By comparing locoregional and systemic treatment taken from a number of randomised and non-randomised studies, the results were evaluated in terms of objective response and survival.
Conclusions. There was no proportional in-crease in survival rates compared to systemic treatment only, in spite of the large proportion of objective responses achieved using locoregional treatment alone.

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