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A Journal on Surgery

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Minerva Chirurgica 1999 May;54(5):295-8


language: Italian

Laparoscopic treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer

Vadalà G., Santonocito G., Castorina R., Vadalà F., Caragliano P.


Background and aim. Endoscopic diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities have been increased by videolaparoscopy. The method enables an immediate reliable diagnosis to be made, associated with possible surgical treatment.
Methods. The authors report their laparoscopic experience relating to the treatment of perforated duodenal ulcer from 1972 to 1995 in 8 patients divided into two groups. Jacob Palmer's laparoscopic operator was used in the first group together with Menghini's needle for the aspiration of peritoneal effusion; the operation was performed under local anesthesia with nitrogen monoxide insufflation using Taylor's technique number I. The second group underwent ulcorrhaphy with omentopexy, again using a laparoscopic route, together with abundant lavage and accurate aspiration of fibrin.
Results. The patients in the first group made a prompt recovery in terms of their general conditions following the remission of fever, pain, diminished leukocytes and an early renewal of canalisation; cicatrisation of the ulcer was confirmed by the endoscopic control on day 15. Patients in the second group showed early deambulation approximately 4 hours after surgery; canalisation occurred after about 6 hours and all patients were discharged on day 3.
The eradication of Helicobacter pylori led to complete resolution, as was confirmed by subsequent follow-ups.
Conclusions. Laparoscopy was found to be extremely useful both in the immediate diagnosis of acute abdomen following perforated ulcer and in its surgical treatment as a result of the introduction of operating laparoscopes and in particular videolaparoscopes, together with surgical instruments that allow careful abdominal cleansing and ulcorrhaphy. In the authors' opinion, the latter procedure is the most suitable for managing this pathology.

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