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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2014 April;62(2):131-46

language: English

Efficacy and safety assessment of isolated ultrafiltration compared to intravenous diuretics for acutely decompensated heart failure: a systematic review with meta-analysis

De Vecchis R. 1, Esposito C. 2, Ariano C. 3

1 Cardiology Unit Presidio Sanitario Intermedio “‘Elena d’Aosta” Naples, Italy;
2 Institute of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy;
3 Casa di Cura “S. Maria del Pozzo” Somma Vesuviana, Naples, Italy


AIM: Intravenous diuretics at relatively high doses are currently used for treating acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, the existence of harmful side effects diuretic-related, such as electrolyte abnormalities, symptomatic hypotension and marked neuro-hormonal activation have led researchers to implement alternative therapeutic tools such as isolated ultrafiltration (IUF).
METHODS: Our study aimed to compare intravenous diuretics vs. IUF as regards their respective efficacy and safety in ADHF patients through systematic review and meta-analysis of data derived from relevant randomized controlled trials.
RESULTS: 6 studies grouping a total of 477 patients were included in the systematic review. By contrast, data from only three studies were pooled for the meta-analysis, because of different adopted outcomes or marked dissimilarities in the data presentation . Weight loss at 48 h was greater in IUF group compared to the diuretics group [weighted mean difference (WMD)=1.77 kg; 95%CI: 1.18-2.36 kg; P<0.001)]. Similarly, greater fluid loss at 48 h was found in IUF group in comparison with diuretics group (WMD=1.2 liters; 95%CI: 0.73-1.67 liters; P< 0.001). In contrast, the probability of exhibiting worsening renal function (WRF), i.e., increase in serum creatinine > 0.3 mg/dl at 48 hours, was similar to the one found in the diuretics group (OR=1.33; 95% CI: 0.81-2.16 P=0.26).
CONCLUSION: On the basis of this meta-analysis, IUF induced greater weight loss and larger fluid removal compared to iv diuretics in ADHF patients, whereas the probability of developing WRF was not significantly different in the comparison between iv diuretics and IUF.

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