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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Online ISSN 1827-1618
Mazza A. 1, Montemurro D. 2, Zuin M. 3, Schiavon L. 1, Zorzan S. 1, Chondrogiannis S. 4, Ferretti A. 4, 5, Ramazzina E. 1, Rubello D. 4
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital Rovigo, Italy;
2 Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Vicenza, Vicenza, Italy;
3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy;
4 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital Rovigo, Italy;
5 Medical Physics Service, Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital, Rovigo, Italy
Aim: Longitudinal study aimed to evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy, safety and the effect on cardiac damage of Aliskiren, administered to a group of high-risk hypertensive patients with mild impairment of renal function and uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) despite a two-drug antihypertensive treatment.
Methods: One hundred and six patients (56 men and 50 females) aged 61.9±12.7 years, were assigned to receive Aliskiren 150-300 mg once-daily for 12 months. Clinic BP measurements were taken at every follow-up visit (1st, 6th and 12th month), while biochemical tests, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24-hours ambulatory BP measurements (ABMP) and echocardiography were evaluated at baseline and at the end of follow-up. Analysis of variance for repeated measures compared BP, left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and eGFR values changes.
Results: A significant reduction (all P<0.0001) of clinic systolic (-28.6 mmHg) and diastolic (-12.8 mmHg) BP values, mean 24h-systolic (-12.3 mmHg) and 24h-diastolic (-6.5 mmHg), day-time systolic (-11.5 mmHg) and diastolic (-6.4 mmHg), night-time systolic (-11.9 mmHg) and diastolic (-7 mmHg) ABPM values and in the use of antihypertensive drugs was observed (3.0±0.9 vs. 2.0±0.7, p=0.01). LVMI was significantly reduced (130.2±36.1 vs. 115.9±33.4 g/m2, P<0.0001); eGFR was steady (75.3±17.3 vs. 73.1±21.5 ml/min/1.73m2, P>0.05). Putative adverse events caused withdrawal of 7 subjects (6 for gastrointestinal disturbances, 1 for alopecia).
Conclusion: Aliskiren was effective in decreasing both clinical and ABPM values and in reducing LVMI in both genders without any influence on eGFR. The treatment resulted safe, even in combination with ACE-inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers. A significant reduction in the use of concomitant antihypertensive drugs was observed.