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MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA

A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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  TAVI 2013: WHERE ARE WE NOW?


Minerva Cardioangiologica 2013 August;61(4):429-35

language: English

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation: alternative access options

Schirmer J. 1, Conradi L. 1, Seiffert M. 2, Koschyk D. 2, Blankenberg S. 2, Reichenspurner H. 1, Diemert P. 2, Treede H. 1

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery University Heart Center Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany;
2 Department of General and , Interventional Cardiology, University Heart Center Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany


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Calcific aortic valve stenosis represents the most common acquired valvular heart disease in adults. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been established as a widely accepted therapeutic option in elderly and multimorbid patients with severe aortic stenosis not amenable to conventional surgery. Retrograde transfemoral and antegrade transapical approaches are commonly used for implantation. However, there are a certain number of patients who are not candidates for either approach due to poor vascular access, severe pulmonary dysfunction or other prohibitive chest pathologies. Recently, different alternative access route options have been proposed and described. These alternative access routes include approaches via the subclavian/axillary artery, the ascending aorta, the carotid artery, and the brachiocephalic artery.

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j.schirmer@uke.de