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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2013 June;61(3):351-65

language: English

Rare cardiomyopathies: diagnostic features

Novo G. 1, Fazio G. 1, Di Salvo G. 3, Di Bella G. 2, Zito C. 2, Carità P. 1, Centineo F. 1, Toia P. 1, Mancuso D. 1, Castellano F. 1, Carerj S. 2, Novo S. 1

1 Division of Cardiology, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy;
2 Division of Cardiology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy;
3 Division of Cardiology, V. Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy


Cardiomyopathies (CM) are an important and heterogeneous group of diseases affecting the myocardium. They can induce mechanical and/or electrical disorders and are due to a variety of causes, they frequently are genetic. However, since their high number and their clinical complexity, the identification is still a challenge. Echocardiography is a very useful tool in the assessment of CM. In this review we aim to define the typical clinical features and to discuss the main diagnostic tool, above all echocardiography that can help physicians in the correct assessment of CM.

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