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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Online ISSN 1827-1618
Anaya-Ayala J. E., Chen G. J., Davies M. G., Lumsden A. B.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Methodist DeBakey Heart, Vascular Center, Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USA
New innovations and novel approaches to peripheral arterial occlusive disease have brought enormous benefits to the vascular patient. Diseases that were once manageable only by surgical intervention are now easily and successfully treated by minimally invasive procedures. While the early days of percutaneous intervention were filled with inventions of new devices, today the focus centers on using modern technology and manufacturing to further improve upon these devices. Advances in guidewires and catheters have allowed us to visualize and treat lesions in nearly any vessel, and technology is guiding us towards specialized applications for specific lesions in specific vessels. However, one of the big hurdles remaining in treating arterial occlusive diseases is the rate of restenosis and the need for reinterventions. The location and architecture of these vessels make them uniquely difficult to treat, and call for new technology to address these challenges. Current developments of drug-eluting and bioabsorbable stents are at the forefront of new advancements specifically directed at improving current patency and restenosis rates; perhaps the next step in percutaneous intervention will rely on nanotechnology and the molecular surface engineering that may achieve a new era of devices that are able to target specific cell ligands or proteins to prevent the inflammatory and proliferative response from vessels. The present review will focus on the current literature regarding technological devices in peripheral percutaneous interventions and clinical applications. Future advancements in materials engineering and biotechnology will continue to improve the current standard of percutaneous intervention for peripheral arterial occlusive diseases.