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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Online ISSN 1827-1618
Karjalainen P. P., Nammas W.
Heart Center, Satakunta Central Hospital, Pori, Finland
The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DES) has revolutionized the field of interventional cardiology, since it has reduced the incidence of restenosis by 50% to 70%. However, recent worrisome data from registries and meta-analyses emphasized higher rates of late and very late stent thrombosis associated with DES. The recently introduced titanium-nitride-oxide-coated stent bioactive stent (Titan-2) was manufactured by a proprietary process to coat titanium-nitride-oxide on the surface of the stainless steel stent, based on a plasma technology using the nano-synthesis of gas and metal. This late-breaking stent has demonstrated an excellent biocompatibility, as reflected by lower rates of platelet aggregation and fibrin deposition, and better endothelialization. Preclinical and clinical trials and registries involving real-life unselected populations have shown a low rate of major adverse cardiac events at long-term follow-up. Restenosis rates were comparable with those of DES, with very rare stent thrombosis. Equally favorable results have been obtained in patients at high-risk of in-stent restenosis, such as diabetics and those with small coronary arteries. Results in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome have been again comparable to those of DES, with tendency to lower rates of myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis. Comparisons with second generation drug-eluting stents have also been promising.