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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
STENTS FOR CORONARY HEART DISEASE
Bokhoor P. I., Lee M. S.
Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
The efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) in reducing the rates of in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in stable coronary artery disease has been well demonstrated. Thus, the Food and Drug Administration has approved the utilization of DES for stable coronary disease. However, there is still much debate surrounding the implantation of DES for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) given safety concerns about the possibility of increased rates of stent thrombosis with DES. The review of the current body of evidence comparing DES with BMS is consistent with results from previous trials in stable coronary disease and reveals lower rates of revascularization with DES in STEMI patients. The ultimate decision regarding the appropriate stent during PCI needs to be individualized as patients’ compliance with dual antiplatelet therapy is critical. The data suggest that PCI with DES in STEMI patients who adhere to long-term dual antiplatelet therapy is safe and effective. Randomized trials with longer-term follow-up are necessary to better elucidate the safety and efficacy of DES versus BMS in patients with STEMI.