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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2010 February;58(1):97-111

language: English

Carotid endovascular interventions: patient selection, devices, techniques and tips

Bosiers M. 1, Deloose K. 1, Peeters P. 1

1 Department of Vascular Surgery, AZ St-Blasius, Dendermonde, Belgium;
2 Department of Cardiovascular and, Thoracic Surgery , Imelda Hospital, Bonheiden, Belgium


The optimal treatment of patients with asymptomatic or symptomatic carotid artery disease (CAD) has been a long-lasting debate. The choice between carotid endarterectomy (CEA), carotid artery stenting (CAS) and/or optimal medical therapy to treat patients with CAD, depends on their risk profile. Recent data from EVA-3S, SPACE randomized trials failed to demonstrate non-inferiority for CAS over CEA. However, other publications suggest that with growing experience and the development of dedicated CAS technology, CAS can be performed safely and efficiently. The success of carotid stenting does not solely depend on the operator’s skills and experience, but also on the adequate selection of carotid stents and cerebral protection devices. Currently, CAS practitioners are confronted with a large number of dedicated CAS devices (stents and embolic protection devices). This wide array of products makes individual treatment strategies difficult to generalise as no single device possesses all of the optimal features to treat all types of carotid plaques and patients. This article reviews the principles of patient selection and device selection in contemporary CAS practice.

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