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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Online ISSN 1827-1618
Gurgo A. M. 1, Ciccone A. M. 2, D’Andrilli A. 2, Ibrahim M. 2, Musumeci B. 1, Quarta G. 1, Saponaro A. 1, Rendina E. A. 2, Volpe M. 1
1 Division of Cardiology Sant’Andrea Policlinic, II Faculty od Medicine La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Thoracic Surgery Sant’Andrea Policlinic, II Faculty of Medicine La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
Aim. Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias, most frequently atrial fibrillation (AF), occur in 8-30% of patients undergoing major pulmonary resection. The aim of this study was to characterize a biochemical marker in order to identify subjects at higher risk of postoperative AF. The authors tested the hypothesis that elevated preoperative plasma levels of N-terminal brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) may predict the occurrence of postoperative AF.
Methods. Fifty-five consecutive patients undergoing elective major thoracic surgery were selected. All patients had 12-lead electrocardiogram and transthoracic echocardiographic evaluation at entry. Plasma NT-pro BNP levels were determined both at baseline and at the first postoperative day. Patients were monitored thereafter to detect the occurrence of AF. For statistical analysis, an unpaired Student t test was used to compare continuous variables, c2 tests or Fischer exact tests were used for categorical variables, as needed.
Results. Eight (14.54%) of the 55 patients developed AF with a peak incidence on postoperative days 2 to 3. Baseline NT-pro-BNP was more than two fold higher in patients who developed AF (506.1±108.4 pg/mL versus 197.7±54.9 pg/mL; P=0.001). Other relevant clinical and diagnostic parameters were not different in the two groups. Patients with NT-pro-BNP level above the median (113.0 pg/mL) had 8-fold increase risk of postoperative AF.
Conclusion. A preoperative elevated plasma NT-pro-BNP level was associated with the occurrence of AF in patient undergoing major thoracic surgery. Baseline NT-pro-BNP levels may be proposed as a biochemical marker to detect patients at higher risk of postoperative AF who could benefit from prophylactic therapeutic medication.