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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752

Frequency: Bi-Monthly

ISSN 0026-4725

Online ISSN 1827-1618


Minerva Cardioangiologica 2007 October;55(5):625-35


New pharmacologic options in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes and myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury: potential role of levosimendan

Garcia-Gonzalez M. J. 1, Dominguez-Rodriguez A. 1, Abreu-Gonzalez P. 2

1 Coronary Care Unit Department of Cardiology University Hospital of Canary Islands Tenerife. Canary Islands, Spain
2 Department of Physiology, School of Medicine University of La Laguna Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Modern and effective therapeutic possibilities have improved the management and outcomes in acute coronary syndromes and acute myocardial infarction. However, substantial morbidity and mortality still remain. Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury may contribute to additional damage to myocardial necrosis and apoptosis. Therefore, it has been focused on attention and field of therapeutic actions in the last years. The main mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of ischemia-reperfusion injury are depressed energy metabolism, elevated oxidative damage, and altered calcium homeostasis. In experimental trials, a variety of drugs have proved effectiveness for the prevention and treatment of the ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, its efficacy, not always confirmed, has not yet been established in clinical practice. On the basis of the strong evidence linking potassium ATP dependent channels opening in the myocardium and its proved cardioprotective role during ischemia, these channels have been pointed out as possible and promising pharmacological targets in this setting. Some evidences suggest that the calcium sensitizing agent levosimendan may have of beneficial and exerts cardioprotective effects on myocardial ischemia and ischemia-reperfusion injury. Further investigation is warranted on this novel application of levosimendan.

language: English


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