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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Minerva Cardioangiologica 2007 June;55(3):311-5
Inefficiency of renin-angiotensin inhibitors in preventing atrial fibrillation in patients with a normal heart
Fazio G., Pizzuto C., Sutera L., Guttilla D., Di Gesaro G., Cascio C., Novo G., Assennato P., Novo S.
Department of Cardiology University of Palermo Palermo, Italy
Aim. Recent scientific evidence has emphasized the possible role of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system in preventing arrhythmic relapses in patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation and co-existing left ventricular hypertrophy or left ventricular dysfunction.
Methods. In order to verify the effects of these drugs on patients with a normal heart, we collected a series of 187 patients admitted to our division of cardiology for paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. All patients underwent cardioversion (with antiarrhythmic drugs and/or by electrical cardioversion) and were discharged in sinus rhythm. Episodes of recurrent arrhythmia were recorded during a mean follow-up period was 2 years. Patients were subdivided into 2 groups according to therapy: group 1 comprised patients receiving renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, group 2 comprised those not receiving therapy with these agents. All 91 patients in group 1 and 76 of those in group 2 had hypertension. Among the 91 patients in the group 1, 55 were treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and 36 with angiotensin receptor blockers. There were no statistically significant differences in cardiovascular risk factors or antiarrhythmic drug use between the 2 groups.
Results. In group 1, 83% of patients experienced <2 recurrences of atrial fibrillation during the follow-up period, while 17% had >2 episodes. In group 2, 86% of patients experienced <2 relapses during the follow-up period, while the remaining 14% had >2 relapses. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P=0.85). A subgroup analysis showed that treatment with angiotensin receptor blockers, b-blockers, diuretics, and calcium-channel blockers brought no advantage in sinus rhythm maintenance.
Conclusion. In our sample of hypertensive patients with a healthy heart, treatment with ACE inhibitors showed no statistically significant advantage in the prevention of atrial fibrillation relapses.