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MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA

A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2006 December;54(6):763-72

language: English

The usefulness of clinical indexes in the evaluation of cardiovascular risk in non cardiac surgery

Caruso G. A. 1, Capodanno D. 1, Giannone M. T. 1, Giannazzo D. 1, Monte I. 2, Nigro P. 2, Sorrentino F. 2

1 Operative Unit of Cardiology Azienda Policlinico University of Catania, Catania, Italy
2 Department of Internal and Specialty Medicine Azienda Policlinico University of Catania, Catania, Italy


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Aim. The preoperative cardiac evaluation of a patient who undergoes noncardiac surgery is a very important problem, particularly for diagnostic tools used. Aim of this study is to test the usefulness of 4 most used clinical indexes for the evaluation of cardiovascular risk in the management of patients who undergo noncardiac surgery.
Methods. The study is based on a retrospective analysis of a group of 45 patients, who underwent extracardiac surgery in biennium 2002-2004. The cardiovascular risk scores of Goldman, Detsky, Lee and Eagle were used; a comparison among the different scores was done.
Results. Six out of our 45 patients had perioperative cardiovascular complications, and 4 of them died. The Eagle and Lee scores were more predictive than Goldman and Detsky ones. About the 13 echocardiographic tests recorded, no one of them modified the patient preoperative risk.
Conclusions. In the preoperative assessment of risk, the Eagle score was more useful than the others ones and improved the negative predictive value of the Goldman and Detsky scores. The preventive application of the clinical indexes allows optimizing the preoperative stratification of the risk, limiting the request of useless examinations and offering to the patient a well appropriated preoperative management, reducing the incidence of complications.

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