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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Online ISSN 1827-1618
Hindnavis V., Tang W. H. W.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA
Renal insufficiency is becoming an increasingly common and devastating comorbidity in both acute and chronic heart failure settings. Part of the problem is due to the lack of insight into the underlying pathophysiology of salt and water balance leading to the congestive states. This review summarizes our current understanding regarding the cause and consequences of renal insufficiency in patients with heart failure, and addresses some of the limitations of current therapeutic strategies. Based on these limitations, this paper will explore the ongoing efforts to develop novel drug therapeutics to prevent or ameliorate renal impairment in patients with heart failure. These include natriuretic peptides and other vasodilators, adenosine receptor antagonists, and vasopressin receptor antagonists – all currently undergoing late-stage clinical trials.