Home > Journals > Minerva Cardioangiologica > Past Issues > Minerva Cardioangiologica 2005 August;53(4) > Minerva Cardioangiologica 2005 August;53(4):221-32

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints

MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA

A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,695


eTOC

 

REVIEWS  


Minerva Cardioangiologica 2005 August;53(4):221-32

Copyright © 2005 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English, Italian

Heart failure and therapy

Mazzone M., Portale G., La Sala M., Covino M., Testa A., Pignataro G., Mancini F., Bononi F., Forte P., Ursella S., Gentiloni Silveri N.


PDF  


The clinical syndrome of heart failure is the final outcome of a number of diseases affecting the heart. Several studies undertaken over the past decade, have led to a significant change in the therapies available and a growing understanding of the physiopathological mechanisms. Increasingly, the current treatment of heart failure, is not just symptomatic but also etiologic and physiopathologic. In this paper we will try to furnish guidelines, as practical as possible, for the treatment of this syndrome, addressing the physiopathologic and experimental principles which underlie it. The present suggestions are based on the updated literature review, they conform to the latest guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology and are in agreement with the classification in grades, proposed by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology.

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Corresponding author e-mail