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MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA

A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2004 April;52(2):95-110

language: English

Ablation of atrial fibrillation: localizing triggers, mapping systems and ablation techniques

Beldner S., E. Gerstenfeld E. P., Lin D., Marchlinski F.


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Ablation to eliminate atrial fibrillation (AF) is a therapy in evolution. Approaches to the ablation appear to be currently divided into 2 major strategies anatomic versus electrically guided. In addition in using an electrically guided techniques debate remains whether a targeted approach should be used, whether exit block should be documented, and whether all non pulmonary vein triggers should be targeted. This review highlights the different ablation strategies and identifies a systematic approach to ablation of pulmonary and non pulmonary vein triggers that we have adapted at our institution. The role of intracardiac echo, trigger provocation and localization and the use of 3-D mapping systems in AF ablation are defined.

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