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Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Irace L., Siani A., Laurito A., Cappello F., Brunetti M., Tozzi M.
Background. The aim of surgical therapy of varicose veins is the elimination of reflux from the deep to superficial system at the saphenous crosse and perforant vessel and conservation of the superficial venous system due to possible surgical procedures for arterial revascularization. This latter condition leads to an extension of indications for short stripping procedures, although the venous distal segment may undergo hypoplastic degeneration not compatible for revascularization purposes. Another important reason is the minor incidence of neurologic complication due to saphenous nerve lesion which may occur during long saphenous stripping.
Methods. From January 1994 to June 1999, we considered 233 patients (182 women, 51 men); 180 cases underwent long saphenous stripping procedures, whereas 53 a short stripping of GSV. The incidence of neurologic complications of the saphenous nerve were recorded in 11.6% of the patients treated with the standard procedure, whereas no such complication was observed in all cases treated with the short stripping procedure.
Results. ECD follow-up performed for a period of three months from the surgical procedure revealed the patency of the residual saphenous vein, with a minimum diameter of 3 mm, in 28 patients (56.6%).
Conclusions. Our opinion is to extend the indication for short stripping of the saphenous vein to all cases where the distal saphenous trunk is not involved, when the ECD shows a pathological ostial reflux, a truncular reflux limited to the thigh, which may be associated with incontinence of the perforant vein of Dodd.