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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Minerva Cardioangiologica 2001 August;49(4):279-84
Surgical treatment of atrial thrombosis. A transesophageal echocardiogram study
Imazio M., Oliaro E., Ferrua S., Drago S., Morello M., Mangiardi L.
Transesophageal echocardiogram is the procedure of choice in the evaluation of masses located in the cardiac chambers. In this paper three cases of atrial thrombosis are presented: a) a free floating ball thrombus in the left atrium in a patient with moderate mitral stenosis; b) three thrombotic masses adherent to a central venous catheter; c) three thrombotic masses attached to Chiari's network in a patient operated for an ostium secundum atrial septal defect one year before. In all cases transesophageal echocardiogram has played a key role in the diagnosis. Medical therapy has been inadequate and so surgical removal has been performed. Unsuccessful medical therapy, a new episode of thrombosis, intracardiac permanent catheter infections and high risk of systemic and pulmonary embolism are indications for thrombectomy.