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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases
Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
Indexed/Abstracted in: EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,752
Minerva Cardioangiologica 2001 August;49(4):267-72
language: English, Italian
Caval thrombosis in a young athlete
Sergi D., Cravatari M., Ukmar M., Ponte E.
We here describe a clinical case of caval thrombosis of sudden and unexpected onset, in an athlete without signs of venous insufficiency. Pre-existing caval hypoplasia was observed through imaging examinations. Following a review of the literature, the authors interpret the pathophysiological mechanism of thrombosis as such: a combination of intense physical activity and the malformation led to an overwhelming venous flow and a consequent congestion. Caval thrombosis distal to the malformation is an absolute indication to lifelong oral anticoagulant therapy.