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A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases

Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2000 March;48(3):61-8

language: English, Italian

Color-Doppler sonography in ophthalmology

Cianci R., Mander A., Santarelli G., Lai S., Faraglia V., Pulcinelli G., Ciano G., Manfredini P., Mariotti A., Clemenzia G.


Background. With the present study we considered ocular blood flow by the use of color Doppler ultrasound. We compared the most clinically important arteries of both eyes. We valued the central retinal artery, the posterior long ciliary arteries, the posterior brief ciliary arteries and the central retinal vein.
Methods. We submitted to an ecd examination of the ophthalmic arteries 50 patients, of whom 30 were healthy, 4 presented a pallor of the optic disk, 6 were affected by chronic simple glaucoma and 10 were affected by arterial hypertension.
Results. This study has allowed us to define the normal and pathologic anatomic findings at the ecd tracing therefore qualitative and quantitative standards of this examination, repeatable and comparable.
Conclusions. Currently the different techniques used to study ocular blood flow, do not allow its exact detection, but only a morphological evaluation of the eye artero-venous system. Acquisition of morphological and velocimetric data, at the same time, allows a more exact evaluation of the pathology. Therefore the ecd is a simple rapid and non-invasive approach, useful in the acquisition of important data concerning diagnostic confirmation, prognosis, and above all pharmacological follow-up of many pathologies such as diabetes, glaucoma and arterial hypertension. The diagnosed vascular alterations are correlated to the degree retinopathy and to the effectiveness of the pharmacological treatment.

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