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MINERVA CARDIOANGIOLOGICA

A Journal on Heart and Vascular Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Angiology and Vascular Pathology
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Minerva Cardioangiologica 1999 March;47(3):81-90

language: Italian

Critical leg ischemia in elderly patients: evaluation of two different Iloprost treatments on the efficacy, tolerance, change in the quality of live and in self-sufficiency

Cappelli R., Bicchi M., Arrigucci S., Boschi S., Guerrini M., Forconi S.


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Background. The use of Iloprost in the treatment of critical leg ischemia in very old patients can lead to tolerability problems, related to the drug used and to the kind of patient treated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of this therapy on the activities of daily living and on the quality of life of the patient together with its efficacy and tolerability.
Methods. We studied 20 subjects (mean age 74±6,8) divided in 2 groups homogeneous for age, seriousness of the disease and presence of diabetes mellitus. In the first group Iloprost was administered for 6 hours, for 28 consecutive days, in the second group for 6 hours, two times a day for 14 consecutive days. In each group we observed the following parameters before and after treatment: clinical evaluation of pain and use of analgesics, ADL and SK39 questionnaire, ankle/arm index c.w. Doppler, strain gauge plethismography of lower limbs, TcPO2 at the back-feet level.
Results. Treatment was well tolerated in both groups where we observed a similar reduction of pain, a reduction in the instrumental indexes which express the microcirculatory activity, an improvement in the quality of life and in the capacity to carry out everyday activities. The double daily administration of Iloprost did not cause any significant side effect in the subjects studied, and a better responsiveness to the pain symptomatology was observed.
Conclusions. Iloprost can be used in the treatment of critical leg ischemia even for very old patients with good tolerability and effectiveness. In the double daily administration no relevant side effect was observed. This approach is to be preferred also in terms of cost-effectiveness.

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