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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
Minerva Anestesiologica 2014 November;80(11):1158-68
Factors associated with adherence to low-tidal volume strategy for acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome and their impacts on outcomes: an observational study and propensity analysis
Chen Y.-F. 1, Lim C.-K. 2, Ruan S.-Y. 3, Jerng J.-S. 3, Lin J.-W. 1, Kuo P.-H. 3, Wu H.-D. 3, 4, Yu C.-J. 3 ✉
1 Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Yun-Lin Branch, Douliou City, Yunlin County, Taiwan;
2 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan;
3 Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan;
4 Department of Integrated Diagnostics & Therapeutics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting adherence to the low-tidal volume (LTV) strategy in acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and their impacts on outcomes.
METHODS: This prospective observational study included 111 patients with ALI/ARDS admitted to six intensive care units between March 2010 and February 2011. The patients were divided into the LTV group, which received a TV ≤7.5 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW), and the non-LTV group, which received a TV >7.5 mL/kg PBW. We studied the association of selected clinical factors and adherence to the LTV strategy, and evaluated their impacts on 28-day mortality and 1-year mortality by the propensity-match process.
RESULTS: Adherence to the LTV strategy was only 44%, which was related to lung injury severity (odds ratio [OR]: 3.15, P=0.038), muscle relaxant use (OR: 3.28, P=0.031), and depth of sedation (OR: 0.65, P=0.008). Propensity score-based analysis showed that the LTV group had modestly better 28-day survival (P=0.081) and 1-year survival (P=0.067) than the non-LTV group. Moreover, muscle relaxant use was strongly associated with reducing the risk of death at both 28 days (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.122, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.027-0.542, P=0.006) and 1 year ([HR]: 0.111, 95% [CI]: 0.030-0.408, P=0.001).
CONCLUSION: Adherence to the LTV strategy was strongly associated with the lung injury score, muscle relaxant use, and depth of sedation. Propensity score-based analysis showed that the use of LTV ventilation and muscle relaxants reduced 28-day and 1-year mortality in ALI/ARDS patients.