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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
Minerva Anestesiologica 2011 August;77(8):768-73
Sevoflurane as a potential replacement for halothane in diagnostic testing for malignant hyperthermia susceptibility: results of a preliminary study
Metterlein T. 1, Hartung E. 2, Schuster F. 1, Roewer N. 1, Anetseder M. 1
1 Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany;
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Klinikum Frankfurt (Oder), Frankfurt (Oder), Germany
BACKGROUND: To diagnose malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility, muscle bundles are exposed to halothane and caffeine. We investigated whether sevoflurane, which is more clinically relevant but less potent of an anesthetic, could replace halothane in diagnostic MH testing.
METHODS: With prior written consent, muscle bundles from 6 malignant hyperthermia susceptible (MHS) and 5 non-susceptible (MHN) individuals were exposed to increasing concentrations of sevoflurane (1.3; 2.6; 5.2 vol%). In addition, muscles from 9 MHS and 8 MHN were tested with a rapid exposure to 8 vol% of sevoflurane. Maximal contractures were measured and statistically analyzed (Mann-Whitney-U-test; P<0.05).
RESULTS. There were no differences in weight, length or pre-drug tension of the muscle bundles. Incremental sevoflurane concentrations induced no differences in contracture between susceptible and non-susceptible muscles. The rapid application of sevoflurane induced significant contractures in all malignant hyperthermia susceptible compared with non-susceptible individuals.
CONCLUSION:The rapid application of a high sevoflurane concentration but not an increasing stepwise application allowed for the diagnostic discrimination of susceptible individuals.