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Online ISSN 1827-1596
Bruhn A. 1, Bugedo D. 1, Riquelme F. 1, Varas J. 1, Retamal J. 1, Besa C. 2, Cabrera C. 2, Bugedo G. 1
1 Department of Intensive Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, Chile;
2 Department of Radiology, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Marcoleta 367, Santiago, Chile
BACKGROUND: Overdistension and cyclic recruitment-derecruitment contribute to ventilator-induced lung injury. High tidal volumes are thought to increase mortality mainly by inducing overdistension. However, experimental evidence suggests that tidal volume (VT) may also influence cyclic recruitment-derecruitment. Our main goal was to determine whether high tidal volumes increase cyclic recruitment-derecruitment in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients, as measured by dynamic computed tomography (CT).
METHODS: We studied 9 ARDS patients with diffuse attenuations on CT who underwent a protocol including 2 ventilatory modes: (a) VT 6 mL/kg, respiratory rate 30/min, PEEP 9 cmH2O, (b) VT 12 mL/kg, respiratory rate 15/min, PEEP 9 cmH2O. A dynamic computed tomography of 8 seconds on a fixed transverse region was performed during each ventilator mode. Cyclic recruitment-derecruitment was determined as non-aerated tissue variation between inspiration and expiration and was expressed as % of lung tissue weight.
RESULTS: VT 12 mL/kg exhibited less non-aerated tissue at expiration compared to VT 6 ml/kg (40.15 [35.94-56.00] and 45.31 [37.95-59.32], respectively, P<0.05). However, VT 12 ml/kg increased cyclic recruitment-derecruitment compared to VT 6 mL/kg (7.32 [6.58-9.29] mL/kg vs. 4.51 [3.42-5.75] mL/kg, P<0.01). Tidal hyperinflation was also larger at VT 12 mL/kg (0.55 [0.27-2.24] vs. 0.24 [0.18-0.83], P<0.01).
CONCLUSION: High tidal volume is a major determinant of cyclic recruitment-derecruitment in ARDS patients with diffuse attenuations.