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Online ISSN 1827-1596
Abbinante C. 1, Lauta E. 1, Di Venosa N. 1, Ribezzi M. 1, Colamaria A. 2, Ciappetta P. 2
1 Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit I, A.O.U. Policlinico Consorziale, Bari, Italy;
2 Department of Neurosciences, Section of Neurosurgery, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy
Intracranial subdural hematoma is a rare, but well-described complication of epidural and spinal anesthesia, as documented by more than a decade of publications. Non-postural headache and vomiting are warning signs. A headache lasting more than 5 days should arouse suspicion of intracranial hemorrhage, whether or not it is associated with the appearance of neurological signs or the deterioration of neurological status. Urgent cranial computed tomography can confirm the diagnosis of subdural hematoma, which has the potential to cause a dramatic cerebral herniation syndrome. A combination of spinal epidural (CSE) anesthesia and analgesia is commonly used to obtain pain relief during caesarean sections and labor. We report the case of a patient who suffered from severe neurological deterioration and manifested signs of brain herniation due to the development of an acute intracranial subdural hematoma after CSE analgesia for labor. An emergency craniotomy was performed to remove the subdural hematoma and the patient recovered well. Close observation of patients undergoing CSE analgesia or anesthesia complaining of prolonged non-postural headaches, with or without neurological symptoms, is recommended.