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MINERVA ANESTESIOLOGICA

A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Anesthesiology, Analgesia, Resuscitation and Intensive Care
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Minerva Anestesiologica 2010 June;76(6):459-62

Copyright © 2010 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Influenza A (H1N1) encephalitis with severe intracranial hypertension

Citerio G., Sala F., Patruno A., Gori A., Grioni D., Rossi M., Giussani C., Grimaldi M.

1 NeuroIntensive Care Unit, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy; 2 Division of Infectious Diseases, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy; 3 Pediatric Neuropsychiatric Clinic, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy; 4 Pediatric Clinic, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy; 5 Neurosurgical Clinic, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy; 6Radiology Department, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy


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The swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus was responsible for the pandemic infection in 2009. We report a case of encephalitis diagnosed as the H1N1 virus infection in a young child. The H1N1 virus infection can be causative of the encephalitis, as with other influenza virus infections. For patients presenting with influenza-like illness accompanied by mental status changes or seizures, high suspicion for unusual presentations of influenza A virus infection and careful monitoring, including EEG and intracranial pressure monitoring, are essential for reducing complications.

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g.citerio@hsgerardo.org