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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
Minerva Anestesiologica 2008 June;74(6):251-8
Goal-directed hemodynamic optimization in high-risk cardiac surgery patients: a tale from the past or a future obligation?
Heringlake M. 1, Heinze H. 1, Misfeld M. 2, Klaus S. 3, Bechtel M. 2
1 Departments of Anesthesiology University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany;
2 Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany;
3 Münster Hospital, Hiltrup, Münster, Germany
The present manuscript summarizes the available evidence on outcome-related hemodynamic variables and “goal-directed hemodynamic optimization” strategies in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.