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Online ISSN 1827-1596
Heringlake M. 1, Bahlmann L. 1, Misfeld M. 2, Poeling J. 3, Leptien A. 1, Kraatz E. 2, Klaus S. 1
1 Department of Anesthesiology University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
2 Department of Cardiac Surgery University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
3 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Schuechtermann Clinic Bad Rothenfelde, Germany
Aim. This study was designed to analyse the relationship between myocardial lactate—determined by microdialysis—and hemodynamics during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
Methods. Twenty consecutive patients with coronary artery disease were enrolled for this prospective, observational study. Microdialysis measurements were performed in the apical region of the heart during periods of 15 to 20 min before, during, and after CPB; hemodynamics and plasma lactate concentrations were determined correspondingly. Correlation analysis revealed a relationship between myocardial lactate concentration and right ventricular ejection fraction at baseline (Spear-man’s ρ: 0.6; P=0.02). Patients were thus grouped according to the myocardial lactate concentration at baseline into a high-lactate group (2.5±0.7 mmol.l-1, n=10) and low-lactate group (0.9±0.5 mmol.l-1, n=10).
Results. Preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was not different between the groups (high-lactate group: 53±16%; low-lactate group: 57±15%; P=n.s.) Patients in the high-lactate-group had a lower stroke volume index (P=0.005) and right ventricular ejection fraction (P=0.04) before, and higher central venous and pulmonary artery pressures (P<0.01) after CPB. Plasma lactate was significantly higher during CPB in the high-lactate-group (P<0.05). No correlation was observed between myocardial and plasma lactate. Six patients in the high-lactate but none in the low-lactate-group needed inotropic support after weaning from CPB (P=0.01).
Conclusion. These data are suggestive of an association between subtle myocardial ischemia —detected by microdialysis—and perioperative myocardial dysfunction in patients undergoing CABG. The microdialysis technique may be a valuable adjunct for monitoring myocardial metabolism during cardiac surgery.