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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
NURSING SMART 2004 - Milan, May 12-14, 2004
Minerva Anestesiologica 2004 May;70(5):417-23
Identification of the patient with sepsis
Rossi B., Piazza C., Moraschini F., Marchesi G. M., Fumagalli R.
Terapia Intensiva Adulti, A.O. Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Università degli Studi Milano Bicocca, Bergamo
Sepsis may be defined as a clinical syndrome caused by an organism’s response to infection. The complex alterations triggered by the infection include inflammation and systemic coagulopathy in the absence of effective fibrinolysis.
Possible manifestations vary in entity and severity, ranging from systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) to septic shock and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS).
The nurse can play a fundamental role in the timely recognition of SIRS and in the early identification of the onset of signs of organ damage. In this way, an additional aid to establishing diagnosis can be provided and targeted treatment instituted.
Following a brief presentation of the pathophysiology and epidemiology of sepsis, the manifestations and attendant risks are described, the most appropriate monitoring methods and the main nursing tasks in treating sepsis are discussed.
We present the results of our experience in identifying patients with sepsis through the application of selection criteria adopted from clinical studies on the use of activated protein C.