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Online ISSN 1827-1596
SMART 2004 - Milan, May 12-14, 2004
Uggeri Fr., Perego E., Franciosi C., Uggeri Fa.
Department of General Surgery, University of Milan-Bicocca, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy
Aim. The term intraabdominal infectioncomprises a broad of variety of pathological conditions which are characterized by signs of systemic infection as a response to an abdominal source of infection and ranges from a confined problem to a devastating disease regarding all organ systems. Septic abdomen is an interesting challenge in general surgery: to decide when and how to treat septic abdomen lacks of a general consensus and has not been standardized yet.
Methods. A total of 1 110 patients underwent surgical treatment for abdominal infection in a period of 10 years in the Department of Surgery of San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy. We focused our attention on 94 patients who required rexploration for residual or recurrent intrabdominal infection. RESULTS. The procedure was associated with a mortality rate of 40%. The median nunber of reeplorations was 5.1.
Conclusion. Planned multiple relaparotomies with temporarily abdomen closure are performed only in a selected high mortality risk group of elderly patients with surgical evidence of diffuse peritonitis, presence of primary infectious process of more than 72 hours, and a APACHE II score > 20. Relaparotomy on demand is required instead in those patients who develop a clinical deterioration after a first safe surgical control of the source of infection. Lack of improvement is not considered a condition to reoperate. Early detection of persisting infection, < 24-36 hours, is an important prognostic factor of outcome.