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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ANESTHESIA
Minerva Anestesiologica 2004 January-February;70(1-2):53-61
language: English, Italian
Deep sedation for magnetic resonance imaging. Personal experience
Marchi A. 1, Orrù A. 1, Manai M. E. 1, Chelo C. 2, Lettieri B. 3, Corbucci G. G. 1
1 Department of Anesthesiology and Resuscitation, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy,
2 Department of Surgical Sciences and Organ Transplantation, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy,
3 Department of Anesthesia and Resuscitation, II University of Naples, Naples, Italy
Aim. Precision in diagnostic procedure and examination of paediatric patients often requires their absolute immobility. Deep sedation has proven to be an excellent method, allowing optimum technical quality of MRI particularly in younger age groups. The aim of study is to demonstrate the possible application of deep sedation through the use of 2 safe and manageable drugs.
Methods. We carefully evaluated and selected 82 patients (47 males and 35 females; average age 5.4 years): they came from various paediatrics departments. Deep sedation was practiced with:
Chloral hydrate (60-80 mg/kg in one oral administration); propofol as intravenous bolus (2-2.5 mg/kg) followed by a maintenance infusion of 75-125 µg/kg/min. This was preceded by midazolam (0.05 mg/kg i.v.) outside the MRI room. Oxygen saturation (SpO2) was monitored in all patients along with heart rate in order to foresee the need for any possible therapeutic intervention.
Results. The sedation levels attained permitted the success of MRI assuring the immobilization required. Manually assisted mask ventilation was required for a period of 2-3 min in 5 patients treated with propofol. All other patients breathed autonomously. Complete reawakening occurred within 2 hours of drug administration. Surveillance was prolonged inside their respective units, however, without registering delayed side effects.
Conclusion. The central point of the success of deep sedation is to define the type and dose of optimum drug for individual patients. This requires a qualified, expert equipe ready to intervene in the presence of adverse results of drugs administered. Propofol and chloral hydrate are the optimum drugs for diagnostic techniques requiring total immobilization and rapid reawakening.