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Online ISSN 1827-1596
Sabbadini D. D. 1, Peressutti R. 1, Di Silvestre A. 1, Lucchese F. 1, Margarit O. 1, Macor D. 1, Petrei D. 1, Salino R. 1, Rossi P. 2, Schiavon I. 2, Giordano F. 1
1 Second Division of Anesthesia Resuscitation and Antalgic Therapy
2 Third Division of General Medicine Santa Maria della Misericordia Hospital Udine
We here report the case of a patient with systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS). This syndrome is a rare condition characterized by recurrent episodes of hypotension with hemoconcentration and hypoproteinemia. It is due to unexplained episodic capillary hyperpermeabilty that results in fluid and protein shift from the intravascular to the interstitial space: generalized edema, shock and renal failure follow. A 59 yo man was admitted to our intensive care unit because of unexplained shock with hemoconcentration, renal failure, and metabolic acidosis. Previous attemps to reverse shock in a medical ward with crystalloids and dopamine failed. An abdominal CT scan, a TEE, and chest X ray study were inconclusive. No sign or history of major infections or anaphylaxis were present. The patient was resuscitated with massive fluid infusions and norepinephrine on the guide of a Swan Ganz catheter. The diagnosis was made on the basis of a previous episode of severe shock complicated with renal failure and a compartment syndrome, the hemoconcentration, and the negative cardiopulmonary findings. A small amount of monoclonal immunoglobulin G, kappa chain, found in the serum confirmed the diagnosis. The SCLS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of idiopathic and anaphylactic shock. Patients may benefit from a prophylactic treatment with theophilline and terbutaline.
language: English, Italian