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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
SUPPORT VENTILATION SMART 2002 Milan, May 29-31, 2002
Minerva Anestesiologica 2002 May;68(5):341-5
Muscle retraining in the ICU patients
Nava S., Piaggi G., De Mattia E., Carlucci A.
From the Respiratory Intensive Care Unit Rehabilitation Center of Pavia IRCCS, S. Maugeri Foundation, Pavia
One of the most common causes of an ICU admission is a severe episode of acute respiratory failure due either to an exacerbation of chronic pulmonary disease or its ex-novo development after a surgical procedure, trauma or medical complications. These patients usually report, at admission to the ICU, a sedentary life before the acute episode, because the evolution of the disease is characterized by a progressive decline not only in respiratory function (e.g. FEV1), but also in the functional status, due to the effects of lack of exercise, drug administration, malnutrition and, later on, gas exchange abnormalities. Together with specific vital organ support, such as mechanical ventilation, patients admitted to an ICU may require other complex and integrated interventions in order to maintain the spared function and to prevent further damage. These interventions include nutritional and psychological support, counselling, nursing, prevention (e.g. to preserve skin integrity) and in particular a complete physiotherapic program, that may range from simple help to maintain a correct posture to complete recovery of walking autonomy.