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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CRITICAL CARE
Minerva Anestesiologica 2002 March;68(3):89-93
Fantoni translaryngeal tracheostomy: perioperative complications on a 220 consecutive patients series
Nani R., Sarpellon M., Marson F., Fonzari C., Farnia A., De Castello M.
Ospedale S. Maria dei Battuti - Treviso Dipartimento di Anestesia e Rianimazione I Servizio
Background. To evaluate problems arisen du-ring Fantoni translaryngeal tracheostomy (TLT).
Methods. Setting: intensive care unit. Patients: 220 patients (aged from 18 to 87). Exclusion criteria: coagulopathy, difficult intubation, local infections, previous neck surgery, suspected cervical spine lesion, severe hypoxemia, hemodynamic instability, patients close to be discharged from ICU. Operation: TLT was performed in general anesthesia, using the technique described by Fantoni in 206 cases; in the other 14 cases changes were made.
Results. Perioperative clinical complications were separated from instrumental problems. Clinical complications were 28 (12.7% of TLT): 20 (9.1% of total TLT, 71.4% of total complications) were considered minor and ascribed to medical staff training; among these the complete drawing of the cannula and the difficulty in pushing it in trachea. Eight complications (3.6% of TLT, 28.6% of total complications) were considered major; they were: the impossibility to place the cannula in trachea, the displacement of the prothesis in the peritracheal tissue, the rupture of tracheal ring, the bleeding and the infection of tracheostomy, the dental uprooting. Among instrumental problems, the faulty closure of the ring nut, the overdimension of rigid tracheoscope, and the difficult change of the cannula were observed.
Conclusions. With expert medical staff, this technique is effective and safe, with a low rate of complications. Major complications were rare, and occurred in spite of patients selection, often needing changing of TLT in surgical tracheostomy.