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Online ISSN 1827-1596
CRITICAL AND INTENSIVE THERAPY
Leykin Y., Costa N., Furlan S., Nadalin G., Gullo A. *
Azienda Ospedaliera «Santa Maria degli Angeli» - Pordenone II Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione
*Università degli Studi - Trieste Unità Clinica Operativa di Anestesia, Rianimazione e Terapia Antalgica
Background. The objective of our study is to present the analysis of the organizational and clinical work carried out in the first year of activity of the Recovery Room (RR) at the Azienda Ospedaliera Santa Maria degli Angeli of Pordenone and to compare personal experience with what is stated in the literature.
Methods. The RR is located at the center of the operating block (composed of 10 operating rooms), the number of bed is 6, 3 of which are equipped with ventilators. There is a central nursing station where it is possible to concentrate all data deriving from the single monitors on one single screen. The RR operates from Monday to Friday from 8.00 to 20.00. An Anesthetist is on duty for the 12 hours and has the clinical, therapeutic and decision-making responsibility regarding the discharge of patients, while nursing assistance is provided by 2 qualified professional nurses for shift, assisted by an auxiliary. In the first year of activity of the RR, a total of 11,626 surgical operations were carried out; of these 1,047 patients, equal to 9%, were assisted in the RR. The age of 51% of the patients was between 61 and 80 years; 53.3% belonged to the ASA 2 group and only 0.48% to the ASA 4 group. The operations were sub-divided as follows: 56.8% general, thoracic and vascular surgery, 15.3% urological, 10% orthopedic, 7.7% obstetrical and gynecological, 6.1% ENS, 3% stomatological, 1% others. 56.8% off the patients underwent general anesthesia, 30.5% combined anesthesia and 12.6% local-regional anesthesia. The time spent by the patients in RR was between 1 hour 30 minutes and 10 hours 45 minutes, with an average time of 3 hours 49 minutes.
Results. Of the 1,047 patients studied no case of cardio-respiratory arrest or death was recorded, while the complications encountered were: 13.15% cardio-circulatory, 3.62% respiratory, 3.62% PONV, 2.1% oliguria, 1.24% hypothermia, 0.48% disoriented patients, 0.38% hyperthermia and 0.38% shivering. In the area of cardio-circulatory complications encountered, the most important was arterial hypertension (5.6%), followed by cardiac arrhythmia, such as bradycardia (2.5%) and tachycardia (2.6%).
Conclusions. The conclusion is drawn that correct administration in the early postoperative period is decisive for the final outcome of surgery and that the presence of RR contributes significantly to a reduction in the postoperative morbidity rate. Our case-series leads us, however, to reflect on an excellent organization of the opening hours of RR.