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Online ISSN 1827-1596
D'Alessandro S. 1, El Hashem M. 2, Ferrari F. 1, Laviani R. 1, Pietrandrea G. 1, Villani A. 1
1 Ospedale Bambino Gesù - Roma, Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione;
2 Ospedale Bambino Gesù - Roma, Servizio di Dermatologia
The anesthetic management used in a 4-yr-old boy with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) submitted to long-lasting urological surgery is reported. Medical treatment of cutaneous bullae in various stages of healing was undertaken preoperatively. Other preoperative therapies were performed to treat sepsis and to improve poor nutritional state. Different measures were used during monitoring and inhalation induction and maintenance of anesthesia in order to prevent frictional trauma to the skin and oropharyngeal mucosa, leading to blistering. Anesthesia and surgery proceeded uneventfully, while surgical complications and sepsis occurred postoperatively. However the patient was discharged from intensive care unit to surgical ward on 35 postoperative days without evidence of oropharyngeal bullae and with a good improvement of his cutaneous condition. The conclusions are drawn that, even if the patient with DEB represents a challenge to the anesthesiologist, a long-lasting surgical intervention can be performed successfully. The main aspect in the anesthetic management of these patients is the detailed knowledge of all problems that anesthesiologist must face and solve to preserve skin and mucosa integrity, avoiding the risk of severe complications.