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A Journal on Anesthesiology, Resuscitation, Analgesia and Intensive Care
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ANESTESIOLOGY
Minerva Anestesiologica 1999 September;65(9):617-23
Haemodynamic changes during anaesthesia in knee-elbow position
Galimberti G. 1, Berlot G. 1, Muchada R. 2, Gullo A. 1
1 Istituto Polidisciplinare di Anestesia, Rianimazione e Terapia Antalgica, Ospedale di Cattinara - Trieste (Italia);
2 Department d’Anesthesie et Reanimation, Clinique Mutualiste E. André - Lyon (France)
Background. To evaluate hemodynamic alterations during surgical procedures performed in the knee-elbow position.
Methods. Design of the study: prospective evaluation of the aortic blood flow (ABF) and other cardiovascular variables measured with a transesophageal Doppler (TED) in 2 groups of patients free of previous cardiovascular diseases undergoing lumbar discectomy.
Environment. Operating theatre of a neurosurgical department. Beside TED, the standard monitoring included continuous ECG surveillance, capnometry, noninvasive measurement of blood pressure and pulsoxymetry.
Patients. Overall, 24 ASA 1 patients have been enrolled. In 12 patients (Group A) the intervention was performed without dobutamine. In the other 12 patients (Group B) dobutamine (2,5-3 µg/kg/min) was started from the beginning of the intervention; the two groups did not differ in terms of age, body size, duration of surgery or anesthetic technique used; hemodynamic measurements were obtained at the beginning of the intervention (T1), with the patients still supine, during the intervention in the knee-elbow position (T2) and finally at the end of the procedure (T3) being the patients still anesthetized but lying supine again.
Results. In both groups the ABF ; the systolic volume and the ETCO2 significantly decreased in the knee-elbow position; concomitantly, peripheral vascular resistances increased. In Group B, the hemodynamic variables were significantly better than in the other group.
Conclusions. In the patients enrolled, the perioperative administration of low-dose dobutamine was associated with better cardiovascular performance.