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Online ISSN 1827-1871
Forti M., Morganti B., Fletzer D.A.
Centro Paraplegici Ostia - Roma , Italia
Aim of the following study is to evacuate the perception of the charge of assistance by the caregivers and the perception of
psychological and physical well-being by the patients and the caregivers; furthermore to give the families and the caregivers the
instrument needed to insure the patients the most efficient home assistance.
Subjects and methods: we studied two groups of subjects (each made of six subjects with SCI and six relatives/caregivers). The
study began about two months after patients discharge. Both groups sustained an interview with the initial evaluation. Subsequently group A received a program of information and formation by two physical therapists who trained patients and caregivers on how to move the patients with the appropriate postures and how to prevent and cure low-back pain due to the effort of moving the patients. Group B acted as a control group. At 3 and 6 months after the end of this training period both group underwent a follow-up evaluation.
Results: the results of the first follow-up evaluation showed clear differences between the two groups concerning both the patients and the caregivers, although in different areas of the evaluation. The second follow-up confirmed the long lasting efficacy of our protocol.
Conclusions: the results of the study demonstrate that giving the caregivers the chance to be trained on the assistance of the
patient allows them to take care of their relative in a more efficient, functional and safe way.