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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2016 September;69(3):468-77
language: English, Italian
Early impact of a corporate wellness project on cardiovascular risk: the Fit for Cardio study
Alessandro BIFFI 1, Fredrick FERNANDO 1, Giuliana GUALBERTI 2, Valeria SARAGAGLIA 2, Antonietta CARLUCCIO 1, Umberto DI LUZIO PAPARATTI 2
1 Med‑Ex,Medicine & Exercise srl, Rome, Italy; 2 Abbvie srl, Campoverde di Aprilia, Latina, Italy
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to verify an early impact of a wellness program on cardiovascular risk factors within workplace.
METHODS: Four hundred and eight employees of a mid‑sized company were involved in a corporate wellness program (the Fit for Cardio study). Subjects who completed two evaluations within 12 months were enrolled in the study.
RESULTS: Study population included 408 participants with a mean age of 37.7±8.0 years. Sixty percent were males, with mean BMI of 24.4±3.5 kg/m2 (mean lean mass 76.4±8.1%). Dyslipidemia occurred in 18.1% and smoking habits in 23.5%. Estimated cardiovascular risk was 1.6±1.6%. Comparison between the two medical evaluations showed a significant increase in maximum workload (P=0.05) during exercise stress‑testing, associated to a parallel reduction in maximum heart rate (P=0.005) and maximum diastolic blood pressure (P=0.002) after one‑year. Also, an increase in lean mass (77.3±8.3, P<0.001) was documented. All red cell variables improved at the second evaluation and smoking habits decreased over time (P=0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Health promotion and lifestyle improvement within a corporate wellness program lead to early and favorable impact on cardiovascular response to exercise, body mass composition and smoking habits.