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MEDICINA DELLO SPORT
A Journal on Sports Medicine
Official Journal of the Italian Sports Medicine Federation
Indexed/Abstracted in: BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 0,163
Medicina dello Sport 2016 September;69(3):415-21
language: English, Italian
Lumbar spondylolysis and sport: an updated case history
Diagnostic Imaging Division, Department of Sports Medicine, Institute of Sports Sciences, Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI), Rome, Italy
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to radiographically assess the prevalence of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in symptomatic athletes.
METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on the plain radiographic lumbar spine series of 4965 male and female athletes suffering from low back pain.
RESULTS: The study showed that 739 athletes (14.88%) had a radiological diagnosis of spondylolysis, and 353 of them (47.76%) had concomitant spondylolisthesis.
CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of spondylolysis in symptomatic athletes compared with the general population suggests that it would be a good practice to include a radiological examination of the lumbar spine in athletes engaged in sports who are considered to be at risk.